The Challenge of Human Security in a Changing World
Sunday, 18. August 2002

The following statement was made public by Cornelio Sommaruga, chairman of a three-day consultation (August 15-17, 2002) of participants to the Political Round Table as listed below.

After reflecting on human security under current global conditions, the reactions to September 11th and the issue of terrorism in general, the participants concluded:

September 11th was an attack on all of humanity, not just the United States. It has fundamentally changed the world. All peoples stand in solidarity in condemning it. No reasons justify terrorism and the killing of innocent civilians.

* Root causes (such as the systematic violation of human rights and the denigration of human values, poverty, inequality, injustice and desperation) as well as symptoms (such as arms proliferation, corruption, organized crime and short sighted government policies) must be addressed for an effective answer to terrorism. The most effective response is to establish universal good governance and secure human rights for all.

* Fanaticism, leading to terrorist acts, is not inherent in Islam. Nor were the terrorists of Sept. 11th, or other attacks of such nature worldwide, acting in the true faith of Islam or on behalf of its adherents. Any assertion that there is generalized hatred between Muslims and the West is fundamentally wrong. There is a clear need for improved information and mutual understanding on this point.

* Human rights and civil liberties must be respected in any response to terrorism. Response measures must conform with international law, especially international humanitarian law.

* Preconditions for human security are full respect for the democratic system and values, dialogue and cooperation between individuals, between civil society and governments, as well as between states. Dialogue must avoid self-righteousness and include the promotion of respect for minorities and all cultures and religions.

* The interrelated challenges to human security require an integrated multilateral response of the international system. This requires increased cooperation between international organizations, with an enhanced authority for the United Nations. This also includes a strong, well-respected transnational judicial element like the International Criminal Court.

Political Round Table participants, Caux 2002

PRT Chairman: Mr Cornelio Sommaruga, Switzerland, President, Swiss Foundation for Caux - Initiatives of Change
PRT Deputy Chairman: Mr James Hore-Ruthven, United Kingdom, Member, Swiss Foundation for Caux - Initiatives of Change

Dr Yusuf Omar Al-Azhari , Somalia, Former ambassador to US. Working for national reconciliation
Mr Osman Jama Ali, Somalia, Deputy Prime Minister, Transitional National Government of Somalia
The Hon Mr Lloyd Axworthy, Canada, Former Foreign Minister; Dean and CEO of the Liu Center of the Study of Global Affairs, University of British Columbia
Herr Elmar Brok, Germany, Christian Democrat MEP; Chairman, Committee for Foreign Affairs, Human Rights, Common Security and Defence
Ms Flora Brovina, Kosovo, Albanian MP in Kosovo Parliament
His Excellency Sir Howard Cooke, Jamaica, Governor-General
Mr Marek Dziubek, Poland, Former Member of Parliament
Mr Arlen Erdahl, United States of America, President, United Nations Association of Minnesota; former Member, House of Representatives
Mr Jakob Finci, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Head, Civil Service Agency; President, Jewish Community of BiH and of the Association of Citizens "Truth and Reconciliation"
Mr Yukihisa Fujita, Japan, Former MP Democratic Party of Japan
M. Jean Daniel Gerber, Switzerland, Director, Federal Office of Refugees; former Swiss Executive Director, the World Bank; former Head, Development Division of Ministry of Economy
Dr Paul Günter, Switzerland, Social-Democrat MP (Lower House)
Mr Toru Hashimoto, Japan, Chairman,Fuji Research Institute Corporation; Chairman of MRA/IC, Japan
Mr Tsutomu Hata, Japan, MP; Special Representative, Democratic Party of Japan; former Prime Minister and former Foreign Minister
Mr Kazuo Inoue, Japan, Democratic Party of Japan MP; from 1983-1991 worked with UNICEF in India and in USA
Ms Snezana Karadzic, Kosovo, Serbian Vice-President of the Municipality of Obiliq, NGO activist
Mr Bogdan Klich, Poland, Member of Parliament
Ambassador Edy Korthals-Altes, Netherlands, Former Dutch Ambassador (last posts Warsaw, Madrid), engaged in anti-nuclear weapons campaigns
Ambassador Christopher Lamb, Australia, Head, Humanitarian Advocacy Department International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies; former Australian Ambassador in Rangoon and Belgrade
Mr Ju-Young Lee, Korea, Member, National Assembly, Grand National Party; Former judge
Sir Jim Lester, United Kingdom, Former Conservative MP and Deputy Chairman, Select Committee on Foreign Affairs
Mr Archie Mackenzie, United Kingdom, Former UK Ambassador Tunisia; Minister United Nations, New York
Mr John Maresca, United States of America, Director, The Business Humanitarian Forum, Geneva
Dr Eric Rochat, Switzerland, Former Senator; Medical doctor
Mr Abdul Sattar, Pakistan, Until recently, Foreign Minister
Herr Heribert Scharrenbroich, Germany, Former State Secretary; former Christian Democratic Party MP
Mr Kyu-Cheol Shim, South Korea, Member, National Assembly, Grand National Party
Ms Simonetta Sommaruga, Switzerland, Social Democrat Member of Parliament (Lower House); until recently head of Swiss Foundation for Consumer Protection
Mr Pierre Spoerri, Switzerland, Member, Swiss Foundation for Caux - Initiatives of Change
Ambassador Jenö Staehelin, Switzerland, Permanent Representative to the UN, New York
Mr Kazuo Tanikawa, Japan, Liberal Democratic Party MP; former Minister of Justice and former Minister of Defence
Herr Roland Wiederkehr, Switzerland, Evangelical Independent Group MP (Lower House)
Frau Eva Maria Zbinden Günter, Switzerland, Former President, Canton of Berne Parliament, Social Democratic Party
Monsieur Adrien Zeller, France, Former Member, French Government and MEP. Chairman of Alsace Regional Council

Christoph Spreng, Andrew Stallybrass